home initiatives our story what is autism about charity events get involved friends of cact sponsors contact us


Autism is known as a complex developmental disability. The condition is the result of a neurological disorder that has an effect on normal brain function, affecting development of the person's communication and social interaction skills.


There is no one cause of autism just as there is no one type of autism. Over the last five years, scientists have identified a number of rare gene changes, or mutations, associated with autism. A small number of these are sufficient to cause autism by themselves. Most cases of autism, however, appear to be caused by a combination of autism risk genes and environmental factors influencing early brain development.


Autism appears to have its roots in very early brain development. Experts believe that Autism presents itself during the first three years of a person's life. It is characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors.


Each child or adult with autism is unique and, so, each autism intervention plan should be tailored to address particular needs. Treatment can involve behavioral treatments, medicines or both. Early intensive behavioral intervention involves a child's entire family, working closely with a team of professionals. In some early intervention programs, therapists come into the home to deliver services. This can include parent training with the parent leading therapy sessions under the supervision of the therapist. Other programs deliver therapy in a specialized center or classroom, such as at The Dream Tree School.

Autism Spectrum Disorder:

ASD refers to any developmental disabilities that have been caused by a brain abnormality and can be associated with intellectual disability, difficulties in motor coordination and attention and physical health issues such as sleep and gastrointestinal disturbances A person with ASD will prefer to stick to a set of behaviors and will resist any major (and many minor) changes to daily activities. Some persons with ASD excel in visual skills, music, math and art.

"Just because you're a bird doesn't mean you can fly..."
- The Ostrich.


"I never set out to be weird. It was always other people who called me weird."
- Frank Zappa

Copyright © 2013 Cape Autism Charity trust | Sitemap     design • www.gstudio.co.za